Allied Home Front
Allied Home Front
Mainland USA During WWII

US POW Camps

Rural America held over 425,000 Prisoners of War

425,000 Axis prisoners of war, mostly Germans, were held in POW camps in rural America. Practically every state in the US had a POW camp. Prisoners were sent to the US in returning Liberty ships. At its peak in May 1945, a total of 425,871 POWs were held in the US
  • 371,683 Germans
  • 50,273 Italians
  • 3,915 Japanese

Posted Thursday November 2nd 2023

WWII Exhibit POW Camps in the US
From Fatherland to Farmland
POW Camps in the US
Over 425,000 Axis prisoners of war, mostly Germans, were held in POW camps in rural America. Every state except Nevada, North Dakota, and Vermont had at least one POW camp.

European Allied countries had asked the US to assist in housing them and prisoners were sent to the US in returning Liberty ships. There was a division between Nazis and German army draftees, and Nazi "true believers" were kept segregated in higher security camps.

However, many POWs were allowed to work outside the camps, and were used to replace deployed American workers, mostly in agriculture, in construction, or in army depots. Prisoners were paid per the Geneva convention, paid though in coupons or canteen money instead of cash. They kept a minimum of 80 cents a day and could purchase toiletries, cigarettes, art supplies, or food. Soldiers were able to purchase ice cream or Coca-Cola - treats they hadn't had since childhood or had never tasted.

There were recreational activities for the POWs in the camps: educational programs, movies and theater, musical performances, religious services, and sports. The US did try to influence many of them as part of the top-secret Intellectual Diversion Program, which produced programs on democracy, the Constitution, and American history, though these were voluntary to attend.

In November 1942, planning began on a 1000-man camp at Fort Robinson, NE, which was eventually expanded to hold 3000 POWs. The first group, German soldiers from Field Marshal Rommel's Afrika Korps, arrived on November 19, 1943. This was one of several camps in Nebraska, and many residents of the state were of German descent and spoke German fluently. While many were unnerved by the large numbers of enemy combatants on their doorsteps, some individual families formed friendships with their POW workers.

WWII Exhibit POW Camps in the US There were few escape attempts: only 2,222, less than 1 percent of prisoners. One group did try to make a break for it. Their plan was to steal a car and drive to the coast where they could procure a boat. They figured it would only be an eight-hour drive in either direction-from Nebraska.

The last POWs and American camp personnel did not leave Fort Robinson until May 1946. Many POWs returned to Germany with money in their pocket, a fluency in English, and educational credits from correspondence classes taken at local universities, which helped the German economy in a small way after the war. That was not the last some of them saw of Nebraska, however. They returned to Germany, but in the ensuing years some emigrated back to the US, becoming American citizens, returning to the plains.

POW Capture ID Tag
US Prisoner of War Capture ID Tag
February 1942
The United States War Department's tag for foreign prisoners of war was used when processing prisoners when they were first captured. The tags were hung around the POWs neck. The instructions are printed in English, German, Italian, and Japanese. This one is from the Pacific theater.

WWII POWs History Nebraska
  • German Shepherd
    Hans F Waecker
    This drawing of a German Shepherd was made by 25-year old German POW Hans F. Waecker. He was drafted into the German Air Force in 1940 while at university and was captured in North Africa. After returning to Germany, Waecker emigrated to the United States in 1949 and became a doctor.
  • German POW Christmas Postcard
    November 29, 1944
    This Christmas themed POW Postcard is lettered "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht," or "Silent Night, Holy Night" in German. It was addressed by prisoner Gefr. Fritz Esenwein to relatives in Maulbronn, Germany, the Friedrich Esenwein family, wishing them Merry Christmas. Like all POW Mail, it has a US Censor stamp.

German POW Hand Painted Plate
Prisoner of War Camp Hand Painted Plate
A German POW assigned to Fort Robinson painted this wooden plate with scenes of the "Kriegsgefangenschaft" or "Prisoner of War" Camp.

Fort Robinson POW Matchbook
Prisoner of War Camp Matchbook
This matchbook was made for the Fort Robinson POW camp by the Corps of Military Police.

Dress Cap German POW
German POW Dress Cap
This dress cap belonged to a German POW at Fort Robinson.

German POW Ship in a Bottle
Ship in a Bottle

German POW Ship in a Bottle

German POWs in the United States

WikipediaMembers of the German military were interned as prisoners of war in the United States during World War I and World War II. In all, 425,000 German prisoners lived in 700 camps throughout the United States during World War II.

After the United States entered World War II in 1941, the government of the United Kingdom requested American help with housing prisoners of war due to a housing shortage in Britain, asking for the US to take 175,000 prisoners. The United States reluctantly agreed to house them,: 5  although it was not prepared. Its military had only brief experience with a limited POW population in the last world war, and was unprepared for basic logistical considerations such as food, clothing and housing requirements of the prisoners. Almost all German-speaking Americans were engaged overseas directly in combat efforts, and the American government feared the presence of Germans on U.S. soil would create a security problem and raise fear among civilians.

Despite many "wild rumors" about how the Allies treated their prisoners,: 86  some Germans were pleased to be captured by the British or Americans-fear of being captured by the Soviets was widespread-because they disagreed with Nazism or their nation's conduct of the war. The prisoners were usually shipped in Liberty Ships returning home that would otherwise be empty,: 5  with as many as 30,000 arriving per month to New York or Virginia, where they were processed for distribution to camps. While they risked being sunk by their own U-boats on the ocean, good treatment began with the substantial meals served aboard. Upon arriving in America, the comfort of the Pullman cars that carried them to their prison camps amazed the Germans,: 32, 70  as did the country's large size and undamaged prosperity.

Camp life
There were insufficient American guards, especially German speakers. They mostly supervised the German officers and NCOs who strictly maintained discipline. After an American guard who had fought in the Battle of the Bulge killed prisoners in Texas, other guards were given psychiatric tests and removed from duty if necessary.

The Germans woke their own men, marched them to and from meals, and prepared them for work; their routine successfully recreated the feel of military discipline for prisoners. Prisoners had friendly interaction with local civilians and sometimes were allowed outside the camps without guards on the honor system. Luxuries such as beer and wine were sometimes available, and hobbies or sports were encouraged. Alex Funke, who served as military chaplain to fellow POWs at Camp Algona, wrote: "We all were positively impressed" by the U.S. and that "We all had been won over to friendly relations with" the U.S. Indeed, unauthorized fraternization between American women and German prisoners was sometimes a problem. Several camps held social receptions with local American girls, and some Germans met their future wives as prisoners.

Other Wikipedia Citings

List of World War II POW Camps in the United States

WIKIPEDIAPrisoner of War Camps
In the United States at the end of World War II, there were prisoner-of-war camps, including 175 Branch Camps serving 511 Area Camps containing over 425,000 prisoners of war (mostly German). The camps were located all over the US, but were mostly in the South, due to the higher expense of heating the barracks in colder areas. Eventually, every state (with the exceptions of Nevada, North Dakota, and Vermont) and Hawaii, then a territory, had at least one POW camp.

Some of the camps were designated "segregation camps", where Nazi "true believers" were separated from the rest of the prisoners, whom they terrorized and even killed for being friendly with their American captors.

At its peak in May 1945, a total of 425,871 POWs were held in the US. This included 371,683 Germans, 50,273 Italians, and 3,915 Japanese.

AlicevilleAlabamaCamp Aliceville
Opened in 1943, a segregation camp from 1944.
Calhoun CountyAlabamaFort McClellan
Dale CountyAlabamaCamp Rucker
Dale CountyAlabamaFort Rucker
Etowah CountyAlabamaCamp Sibert
10 members of Hitler's SS troops were held at the camp.
AlabamaCamp Opelika
ArizonaCamp Papago Park
Germany's "Great Escape" was from a 200 feet tunnel by 25 prisoners on 24 December 1944.
ArizonaCamp Pima
One of the first segregation camps.
FlorenceArizonaCamp Florence
Largest all-new prisoner of war compound ever constructed on American soil.
BassettArkansasCamp Bassett
Dermott, ArkansasArkansasCamp Dermott
JeromeArkansasCamp Jerome
MonticelloArkansasCamp Monticello
Pine BluffArkansasGrider Field
Pine BluffArkansasPine Bluff Arsenal
Pulaski CountyArkansasCamp Jos. T. Robinson
Sebastian CountyArkansasCamp Chaffee
CaliforniaCamp Pomona
CaliforniaCamp Stockton
CaliforniaFort Ord
A 120 feet nearly completed escape tunnel was discovered by authorities.
CampoCaliforniaCamp Lockett
Auxiliary of Camp Haan in Riverside County, home to last Civil War cavalry unit, Buffalo Soldiers. POW Camp for Italians and Germans
Placer CountyCaliforniaCamp Flint
Riverside CountyCaliforniaCamp Haan
San BernardinoCaliforniaCamp Ono
Italian camp
San FranciscoCaliforniaCamp Angel Island
San Luis ObispoCaliforniaCamp San Luis Obispo
Held Italian POWs
Santa Barbara CountyCaliforniaCamp Cooke
Yuba CountyCaliforniaCamp Beale
El Paso CountyColoradoCamp Carson
GreeleyColoradoCamp Greeley
Las Animas CountyColoradoCamp Trinidad
A 150 feet electrically lighted escape tunnel was discovered by authorities. This was probably a coal mining tunnel in that Engleville was a coal mining camp where this POW camp is purported to be located. Coal mining was prominent in the late 1870s to the 1950s. A few continued into the early 1970s in Las Animas County where Trinidad is located.
Pando-LeadvilleColoradoCamp Hale
Rose HillColoradoRocky Mountain Arsenal
Windsor LocksConnecticutBradley Field
Now Bradley International Airport
DelawareFort DuPont
DelawareFort Saulsbury
FloridaDrew Field
Now Tampa International Airport and Drew Park.
FloridaEglin Army Air Field
Clay CountyFloridaCamp Blanding
Upwards of 200 German Prisoner of War were moved to Venice Army Air Field in February 1945 from Camp Blanding. Seven German soldiers who had been buried at Camp Blanding, were reinterred on 25 April 1946, at the Fort Benning National Cemetery near Columbus, Ga when the federal government returned Camp Blanding to the Florida National Guard.
MiltonFloridaNaval Air Station Whiting Field
GeorgiaCamp Stewart
GeorgiaCamp Wheeler
GeorgiaFort Benning
GeorgiaFort Gordon
BainbridgeGeorgiaBainbridge Army Airfield
Originally an Army Airfield flight training facility. Also housed several hundred German POWs who worked in nearby agricultural farms. Following World War II, the facilities became the Bainbridge State Hospital residential mental health campus until its closure in the 1960s.
Fort OglethorpeGeorgiaFort Oglethorpe
ThomasvilleGeorgiaCamp Thomasville
Large German pow camp 2 miles outside of Thomasville. Following World War II, the facilities were taken over by the Veterans Administration with both a hospital and large domiciliary complement. Facilities now serve as an adjunct to the state's mental health program.
HawaiiHonouliuli Internment Camp
also housed POWs from the Pacific
Located on Lake Pend Oreille in Bayview for the duration of World War IIIdahoFarragut Naval Training Station
The installation housed around 900 Germans, who worked as gardeners and maintenance men around the base and surrounding community. Additionally, Bayview is an unincorporated community; therefore, Farragut Naval Training Station was officially located in Kootenai County.
PaulIdahoCamp Rupert
Fulton CountyIllinoisCamp Ellis
GlenviewIllinoisCamp Skokie Valley
Lake CountyIllinoisFort Sheridan
Sub camps:Camp Pine, Camp Thornton and Camp Skokie Valley, each with 200 POWs.
RockfordIllinoisCamp Grant
ThorntonIllinoisCamp Thornton
WashingtonIllinoisCamp Washington
Reinhold Pabel escaped on 9 September 1945 and was recaptured in Chicago in March 1953
IndianaFort Benjamin Harrison
EdinburghIndianaCamp Atterbury
Housed 3,500 Italians and later 10,000 Germans
Fort WayneIndianaCamp Thomas A. Scott
Camp Scott held more than 600 German POWs from the Afrika Korps from late 1944 until the camp closed in November 1945.
WindfallIndianaWindfall Indiana World War II POW Camp
IowaCamp Storm Lake
IowaCamp Clarinda
AlgonaIowaCamp Algona
KansasCamp Philips
KansasFort Leavenworth
KansasFort Riley
ConcordiaKansasCamp Concordia
KentuckyCamp Breckinridge
KentuckyCamp Campbell
One of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Fort Devens, Massachusetts and Camp McCain.
KentuckyFort Campbell
KentuckyFort Knox
LouisianaCamp Eunice
LouisianaCamp Gueydan
LouisianaCamp Kaplan
LouisianaCamp Livingston
LouisianaCamp Polk
LouisianaHammond Northshore Regional Airport
LouisianaNew Orleans Port of Embarkation
BastropLouisianaCamp Bastrop
Branch Camp of Camp Ruston. Kurt Richard Westphal escaped in August 1945 and was recaptured in Hamburg, West Germany in 1954.
Forest HillLouisianaCamp Claiborne
Branch Camp of Camp Ruston.
Ruston, LouisianaLouisianaCamp Ruston
Area Camp with 9 Branch Camps. Capacity for 4800 at main camp. 3 POW compounds, 2 Enlisted, 1 Officer, Hospital Compound, American Compound. Housed diverse groups of POWs ranging from Afrika Corp troops, Italian, Yugoslavian, Chechen, Russian conscripts and others. Later known as an anti-Nazi camp where many intellectuals, artist, writers were among the POWs. The U-505 crew was kept incommunicado in NE compound. Only 1 escapee that was never recaptured who returned to Germany via Mexico. Extensive archive collection of photographs, interviews, art, stone castle, and other memorabilia housed in LA Tech archives provided by Camp Ruston Foundation.
ThibodauxLouisianaThibodaux, Louisiana
Housed German POWs from the Afrika Corps after defeat in North Africa. Camp was located in North Thibodaux along Coulon Road.
MaineCamp Houlton
MarylandCamp Hoffman
Close to Fort Lincoln and held over 5,000 soldiers
MarylandCamp Somerset
MarylandEdgewood Arsenal
MarylandFort Meade
Fort Meade housed about 4,000 German and Italian POWs during World War II. Thirty-three German POWs and two Italian POWs are now buried in the post cemetery. The most famous of those buried on the installation is German submariner Werner Henke, who was shot while trying to escape from a secret interrogation center at Fort Hunt, Virginia.
MarylandHolabird Signal Depot
CascadeMarylandCamp Ritchie
German and Italian POW Camp during 1942–1945 housing mostly Africa Corps Officers and Italians enlisted from the Torch Campaign. Camp Ritchie also served as a U.S. Army Training Camp from WWII until it was closed under BRAC during the 1990s to the early 2000s. Almost all of the WWII Camp structures have since been demolished. Also the site of training for "The Ritchie Boys", European refugees trained there to go back into Germany and sabotage the war effort.
MassachusettsCamp McKay
Constructed for prisoners, later reused for housing after the war
MassachusettsCushing General Hospital
MassachusettsFort Andrews
For Italian prisoners
MassachusettsLovell General Hospital
BostonMassachusettsBoston Port of Embarkation
BostonMassachusettsFort Strong
Boston HarborMassachusettsFort Andrews
DevensMassachusettsFort Devens
One of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Camp Campbell and Camp McCain, Mississippi.
FalmouthMassachusettsCamp Edwards
TauntonMassachusettsCamp Myles Standish
WalthamMassachusettsWaltham Memorial Hospital
WestoverMassachusettsWestover Field
MichiganCamp Dundee
Two escaped. Used a railroad box car. Recaptured: Roanoke, Va.
MichiganCamp Waterloo
Heinz Eschweiler, a 27-year-old German POW, escaped and gave himself up 3 miles north of camp. Capt. Bruce Beiber, commandant at Waterloo, said the prisoner surrendered to Ernest Riemenschneider, who turned him over to state police. The camp housed German Prisoners of War in 1944 and 1945.
MichiganFort Custer
In Section B of Fort Custer National Cemetery, there are 26 German graves. Sixteen of the men were killed or died as a result of an accident on 31 October 1945.
Alger CountyMichiganCamp Evelyn
Allegan CountyMichiganCamp Allegan
Originally CCC Camp Lakewood built in 1936
AuTrainMichiganCamp AuTrain
FreelandMichiganCamp Freeland
The current site of the TriCity Airport (MBS)
GermfaskMichiganCamp Germfask
GrantMichiganCamp Grant
Formerly located on the south-east corner of East 120th St. and South Walnut Ave. 2.5 miles east of Grant. Prisoners worked on local farms.
Sault Ste. MarieMichiganCamp Raco
Shlawassee CountyMichiganCamp Owosso
SidnawMichiganCamp Sidnaw
Upper PeninsulaMichiganCamp Pori
MinnesotaCamp Faribault
MinnesotaCamp Montgomery
MinnesotaCamp Owatonna
MinnesotaCamp Wells
New UlmMinnesotaCamp New Ulm
Fortuitously located outside a city where many locals still spoke German. The camp buildings are preserved in Flandrau State Park and are available for rent as a group center.
St. Charles, MinnesotaMinnesotaCamp Whitewater
ClintonMississippiCamp Clinton
Housed German POWs from the Afrika Korps after their defeat in North Africa
Grenada CountyMississippiCamp McCain
One of the first three designated camps for anti-Nazis, along with Camp Campbell and Fort Devens, Massachusetts.
HattiesburgMississippiCamp Shelby
Panola CountyMississippiCamp Como
Wilkinson CountyMississippiCamp Van Dorn
Originally WWII Army infantry training camp.
MissouriCamp Crowder
MissouriCamp Weingarten
Located between Farmington and Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
MissouriFort Leonard Wood
NevadaMissouriCamp Clark, Missouri
St. LouisMissouriJefferson Barracks
MissoulaMontanaFort Missoula
1941-1944: Italian POWs.
NebraskaCamp Indianola
NebraskaCamp Scottsbluff
NebraskaCamp Weeping Water
NebraskaFort Robinson
AtlantaNebraskaCamp Atlanta
OmahaNebraskaFort Omaha
Coos CountyNew HampshireCamp Stark
New Hampshire's only POW camp. Sited on the abandoned Civilian Conservation Corps camp about 1.6 miles east of the Stark Covered Bridge in Stark, Coos County.
New JerseyFort Dix
Harry Girth escaped in June 1946 and surrendered to authorities in New York City in 1953.
New JerseyPort Johnson
Belle MeadNew JerseyCamp Belle Mead
Housed primarily Italian POWs. Once Italy surrendered, the Italian POWs were permitted to volunteer for the "Italian Service Unit." This unit provided the POWs with an opportunity to work and earn a wage, as well as preferential treatment.
Caven Point, Jersey CityNew JerseyJersey City Quartermaster Supply Depot
New MexicoCamp Deming
Georg Gartner escaped on 21 September 1945, and finally surrendered in 1985. He was the last escapee, having remained at large for 40 years.
New MexicoCamp Roswell
Located 14 miles (23 km) SE of Roswell. 1942-1946: German POWs.
New MexicoFort Sumner
AlbuquerqueNew MexicoCamp Albuquerque
Las CrucesNew MexicoCamp Las Cruces
Werner Paul Lueck escaped in November 1945 and was recaptured in Mexico City in 1954.
LordsburgNew MexicoCamp Lordsburg
1942-1945: held Japanese-American internees, and then German and Italian POWs.
Santa FeNew MexicoCamp Santa Fe
New YorkCamp Popolopen
New YorkCamp Shanks
New YorkHalloran General Hospital
BoonvilleNew YorkBoonville
Jefferson CountyNew YorkPine Camp
Present Day Fort Drum
Niagara CountyNew YorkFort Niagara
Fort Niagara and Pine Camp (now Fort Drum) maintained several sub or branch camps, including one Geneseo.
RomeNew YorkRome
Suffolk CountyNew YorkCamp Upton
Approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans were kept there, under tight security, behind multiple layers of barbed wire fence. Camp Upton was also used to hold Japanese citizens who were in New York City at the time war broke out, including businessman with whom the governments of Japan and the United States negotiated an exchange.
UticaNew YorkUtica
West PointNew YorkCamp Natural Bridge
German camp
North CarolinaCamp Mackan
North CarolinaCamp Sutton
North CarolinaFort Bragg
ButnerNorth CarolinaCamp Briner
ButnerNorth CarolinaCamp Butner
Kurt Rossmeisl escaped on 4 August 1945 and surrendered in 1959.
HoffmanNorth CarolinaCamp Mackall
OhioCamp Chase
OhioCamp Perry
Now home to the CMP Headquarters and Gary Anderson competition center
OhioPatterson Field
MarionOhioCamp Marion
OklahomaCamp Hobart
OklahomaCamp Pauls Valley
OklahomaCamp Pryor
OklahomaCamp Tipton
OklahomaCamp Tishomingo
OklahomaCamp Tonkawa
Housed 3000 mostly Germans, taken in North Africa. Site of murder of Johannes Kunze by five fellow German POWs, who were subsequently tried, found guilty, hanged, and buried in the Fort Leavenworth Military Prison Cemetery.
OklahomaCamp Waynoka
OklahomaFort Reno
AlvaOklahomaCamp Alva
One of the first segregation camps.
Ardmore Army Air FieldOklahomaCamp Gene Autry
AtokaOklahomaStringtown POW Camp
Grady CountyOklahomaCamp Chickasha
HickoryOklahomaCamp Horseshoe Ranch
LawtonOklahomaFort Sill
McAlester and PiteburgOklahomaCamp McAlester
MuskogeeOklahomaCamp Gruber
Oklahoma CityOklahomaCamp Oklahoma City
On site of Will Rogers World Airport.
OkmulgeeOklahomaGlennan General Hospital
Now the site of Oklahoma State University Institute of Technology
OregonCamp Warner
OregonCamp White
Benton CountyOregonCamp Adair
PennsylvaniaCamp Huntsdale
PennsylvaniaCamp New Cumberland
PennsylvaniaCamp Reynolds
PennsylvaniaOlmstead Field
Cumberland CountyPennsylvaniaCamp Michaux
Located near Pine Grove Furnace State Park. Same commander as Gettysburg Battlefield camp. |
Gettysburg BattlefieldPennsylvaniacamp in McMillan Woods
Same commander as Camp Michaux camp.
Indiantown GapPennsylvaniaIndiantown Gap Military Reservation
TobyhannaPennsylvaniaTobyhanna Military Reservation
Valley ForgePennsylvaniaValley Forge General Hospital
Rhode IslandFort Getty
Rhode IslandFort Greble
Rhode IslandFort Kearny
Had program to instill democratic values in Germans based on newspaper Der Ruf (The Call)
South CarolinaCamp Croft
Columbia 34 02'53"N 80 57'10"WSouth CarolinaFort Jackson
All buildings but one have been demolished. The location of the former POW camp is a residential area now.
TennesseeCamp Crossville
TennesseeMemphis General Depot
LawrenceburgTennesseeCamp Lawrenceburg
Sub Camp of Camp Forrest - April 1944 to March 1946 - 331 German Prisoners.
ParisTennesseeCamp Tyson POW Camp
TullahomaTennesseeCamp Forrest
First attempted escape by two German POWs on 5 November 1942.
TexasCamp Brady
TexasCamp Hood
TexasCamp Huntsville
One of the first segregation camps.
TexasCamp Maxey
TexasCamp McLean
TexasCamp Mexia
TexasCamp Wolters
TexasFort Bliss
AbileneTexasCamp Barkeley
Located near what is now Dyess Air Force Base.
BastropTexasCamp Swift
Brown CountyTexasCamp Bowie
See: "News from the Bowie Camp 1943," a written account from Joseph Lehman to a friend.
Cooke CountyTexasCamp Howze
Corpus ChristiTexasCorpus Christi Naval Air Station
DallasTexasCamp White Rock
A former CCC camp it was used for POWs who were with Rommel's Afrika Corps. After the war it became a men's dormitory for Southern Methodist University for the influx of students after the war and now is a Dallas park called Winfrey Point by White Rock Lake.
Deaf Smith CountyTexasCamp Hereford
Only for Italians
GalvestonTexasFort Crockett
Galveston CountyTexasCamp Wallace
HearneTexasCamp Hearne
Johnson CountyTexasCamp Cleburne
Located where the present day Cleburne Conference center is located in the 1500 block of West Henderson(business HWY 67)
KaufmanTexasCamp Kaufman: 245, 262 
MarfaTexasFort D.A. Russell
Building 98
PalaciosTexasCamp Hulen
San AntonioTexasCamp Bullis
San AntonioTexasFort Sam Houston
TempleTexasMcCloskey General Hospital
TylerTexasCamp Fannin
Located on the campus of the University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler.
WhartonTexasCamp Wharton
UtahCamp Ogden
UtahCamp Tooele
POW Camp, Co.1, Tooele (original postage)
Salina, UtahUtahCamp Salina
This camp had a guard fire on and kill several German prisoners. See Utah prisoner of war massacre
VirginiaCamp Lee
VirginiaCamp Peary
VirginiaFort Curtis
VirginiaFort Eustis
VirginiaFort Patrick Henry
VirginiaHampton Roads Port of Embarkation
VirginiaRichmond ASF Depot
Newport NewsVirginiaCamp Patrick Henry
NorfolkVirginiaCamp Allen
Nottoway CountyVirginiaCamp Pickett
Princess Anne CountyVirginiaCamp Ashby
WashingtonFort Lawton
A riot by Negro soldiers took place over preferential treatment given to Italian and German POWs. One Italian POW was lynched, and Leon Jaworski was the military prosecutor. The Italian and one German POW who committed suicide rather than be repatriated are buried just outside the post cemetery boundaries.
WashingtonFort Lewis
Located between Olympia and Tacoma, Washington.
West VirginiaCamp Dawson
MartinsburgWest VirginiaNewton D. Baker Hospital
White Sulphur SpringsWest VirginiaCamp Ashford
AltoonaWisconsinCamp Eau Claire
AntigoWisconsinCamp Antigo
AppletonWisconsinCamp Appleton
Barron CountyWisconsinCamp Barron
BayfieldWisconsinCamp Bayfield
Formerly the county courthouse, is now the headquarters of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.
Beaver DamWisconsinCamp Beaver Dam
CambriaWisconsinCamp Cambria
ChiltonWisconsinCamp Chilton
300 POWs from Camp McCoy arrived at the Calumet County Fairgrounds in June, 1945. They worked at 8 local canneries until moving to other parts of Wisconsin in August, 1945.
CobbWisconsinCamp Cobb
ColumbusWisconsinCamp Columbus
Door CountyWisconsinCamp Sturgeon Bay
2,000 German POWs were houses at seven locations on the Door Peninsula, where they worked in the local cherry orchards.
Fond du LacWisconsinCamp Fond du Lac
300 German POWs were interned at the Fond du Lac County Fairgrounds from June to August 1944 while they harvested peas on local farms and worked in canneries.
Fox LakeWisconsinCamp Fox Lake
FredoniaWisconsinCamp Fredonia
330 German POWs lived in a tent city around the Louis Glunz dance hall and worked on farms and in area canneries during the 1945 harvest.
GalesvilleWisconsinCamp Galesville
GeneseeWisconsinCamp Genesee
GermantownWisconsinCamp Rockfield
500 German POWs were housed in a warehouse and tent city next to the Rockfield Canning Co. plant, where many of them worked as pea packers. Other POWs were transported to work on farms and canneries in neighboring communities.
Green LakeWisconsinCamp Green Lake
HartfordWisconsinCamp Hartford
600 German POWs were interned in the Schwartz Ballroom from October 1944 to January 1946. They were contracted to work on farms and in canneries, mills, and tanneries.
HortonvilleWisconsinCamp Hortonville
Held German POWs. All buildings have since been demolished, the only structure left standing is the base of one stone pillar where the main gate of the camp stood.
JanesvilleWisconsinCamp Janesville
JeffersonWisconsinCamp Jefferson
LodiWisconsinCamp Lodi
MarkesanWisconsinCamp Markesan
MarshfieldWisconsinCamp Marshfield
MertonWisconsinCamp Keesus
MilltownWisconsinCamp Milltown
MilwaukeeWisconsinCamp Billy Mitchell
Over 3000 German POWs were interned at Billy Mitchell Field airport (known today as Milwaukee Mitchell International Airport (MKE)) from January 1945 to April 1946.
MonroeWisconsinCamp McCoy
Japanese and German POWs; Japanese, Italian, and German internees; now Fort McCoy
OakfieldWisconsinCamp Oakfield
Oneida CountyWisconsinCamp Rhinelander
PlymouthWisconsinCamp Plymouth
ReedsburgWisconsinCamp Reedsburg
RiponWisconsinCamp Ripon
SturtevantWisconsinCamp Sturtevant
WaterlooWisconsinCamp Waterloo
WaupunWisconsinCamp Waupun
WinooskiWisconsinCamp Sheboygan
From July to December 1945, 450 German POWs were housed in the Sheboygan County Asylum, which was built in 1878 and abandoned in 1940 when a new facility was completed.
Wisconsin RapidsWisconsinCamp Wisconsin Rapids
200 German POWs were interned at the Tri-City Airport (now known as South Wood County Airport) from July to November 1945.
WyomingFort F.E. Warren
DouglasWyomingCamp Douglas

Other Wikipedia Citings